26

Fortune favors the bold

It was the finals of an India-Pakistan match for the World T-20. Last over was yet to be bowled. Everyone’s eyes were struck to the new captain of the team- M.S Dhoni, who was leading a relatively young team. The pressure was immense. Even the best cricketing legends would have been in dilemma in a situation like this – give the bowl to Harbhajan Singh, the most experienced bowler in the Indian side- or to some other player. Dhoni- the captain- took a bold decision. He gave the bowl to Joginder Sharma, a new player to the side who had no experience in bowling hither to, and was also not a successful bowler so far in the match. Cricketing experts in the commentary box were surprised by the decision- which was evident from their criticism for the new captain’s decision after the batsmen hit a six of the first ball.

The captain went to Joginder and whispered something in his ears- the next bowl was delivered – a cheeky shot indeed by the batsman going up to the third man inside the circle- the whole crowd was on their feet supporting their respective teams.

“And Sreesanth takes the catch. India have won in style.”

The crowd went mad. The same commentators who were criticizing the captain cool were now appreciating his bold move.

The above abstract was to explain how fortune favors the brave. We saw how a brave decision could make your life change within seconds. So, does fortune favor the bold?Sometimes, taking an out of the box decision is what is required to get noticed, because the thing which follows can change your life and the way people look at you as a leader. The following write up will look how this proverb holds water, and also being critical to it.

“Asli power dil me hoti hai”

                                                  (Braveness lies in the heart)

Fear- as it is, is more of a state of mind. It was the time of April back in 1971. Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister,was furious about the way West Pakistan had spreading and instilling fear in the minds of the East Pakistanis.But that wasn’t the only fear. Indira feared the large scale immigration of the Bangladeshis refugee fleeing to India, which was putting pressure on the Indian resources. In the Cabinet Meeting, she asked Sam Makenshaw- the then Army Chief if we were ready for a war against the Pakistani army. He refused. After Indira dispersed the Cabinet meeting and asked Makenshaw to stay back, he said that war could be won if the things went his way- the way he took decisions. It was certainly a brave decision considering the fact that the month brought in incoming floods from the Himalayan Peninsula and India was still recovering from the injuries of the 62′ war with China. He lead the army, fought the war- and the rest is history. 

Not only was it brave on the part of Sam Makenshaw to lead, it was also a lionhearted decision of Indira to go to Russia and sign a pact of mutual cooperation with Russia, in case of war, going against Nehru’s Non-Alignment concept.Certainly luck was favoring the bold decisions being taken.

Moving on, it was the year 1991 and the country was facing an economic turmoil. We couldn’t afford imports for more than 2 weeks, as our foreign exchange reserve was at an all time low. We could have declared our selves bankrupt- and hence depending on the elites of the world to pity on us. It was then that a leader emerged- P.V Narasimha Rao. He was leading a minority government at the centre, and seeing the economic condition, he decided of a bold, no mass base and a mostly unpopular decision to open the economy and introduce the liberalization, privatization and globalization reforms. Lucked favored him. This bold decision- albeit saw criticism- changed the history of Indian economy. and experts believe that India’s growth now wouldn’t be possible had the decision not been taken then.

The times moved ahead and then came 1998. In the midst of the dark in the deserts of Pokhran, was carried out the Operation Shakti – India’s first nuclear test using indigenous technology. Was this a brave decision? India knew that if such mission was executed, the elites of the world- specially USA would impose sanctions on the country. It was bold also because India had only recently passed the state of economy turmoil. It showed the world that a country which was going through economic pandemonium only 7 years prior- was no more the same. It showed that India had emerged- that it was there to stay. It gave the world a message that India was going to shape a new world order in the near future, that the unipolar world hither to wouldn’t remain unipolar in the coming years. How did the luck favor? The sanctions imposed initially by the USA were lifted in a short span – showed how ineffective the decisions of the world had become on the country. The sanctions according to experts went into a dead dump – the luck had changed for the country.

In the recent times, the decision of the new government to cancel foreign secretariat talks with Pakistan after getting an invitation can be seen as a bold move from the state. It sent shock waves around the sub-continent and also showed the tougher side of the country. It showed good results as the ever “denial” mode of Pakistan changed into “acceptance” mode and they took responsibility of the Pathankot Attacks. Simple bold decision, changed the fortune of this country as now, both countries have vowed to demolish the non-state actors from across the respective borders.

Let’s take a personified example to understand this. Ratan Tata is known as the business tycoon who revived the falling Tata enterprises. But little do people know that before joining the descending family business, he rejected the job offer from IBM, which was certainly bold when the country had little job opportunites and youth was clutched in the jaws of unemployment. He rejected a well paying job to work in the USA, stayed back in India, and served for the indigenous factory in Tata Steel Jamshedpur. Luck favored this decision later as Tata Steel is one of the fortune 500.

But does bold decision always bring in the “luck” factor with them- giving it a success? I’ll explain it through my story. I took the bold decision to take up an IT job ditching my graduation subject which was Mechanical Engineering. Now, initially, it felt like a good decision as I got promoted in merely 6 months of joining. I thought luck was favoring me, until I realized IT wasn’t my cup of tea. 2 years after my graduation, when I looked for a job in my graduation field, I was rejected from most major industrial houses because I had no experience in my field and the experience in IT didn’t count. Initially, what felt like an empowering decision for my career, changed into the worst decision I had taken being bold. Luck wasn’t favoring me now, because of the decision I took then.

Well apparently, some bold decisions are always taken in haste. The solution is to have a long time vision of the outcomes that may follow. The idea is to try to look at every aspect of the decision that is to be taken. Life decisions, professional decisions, decisions to run a country or an institute shouldn’t be taken in haste. It’s not just our life that is involved but various stakeholders who are directly and indirectly affected by our decisions – may be our family, maybe the citizens of a country, may be the employees of your firm. We need to document crucial assumptions and then go bold. Further, luck wouldn’t have favored if no decision was taken in first place. Dhoni wouldn’t have lifted the cup, India wouldn’t have won the 1971 war and it would still be in the clutches of economic unsteadiness. What was common with all those decisions?The idea was to BELIEVE in the decision. If we believe, we are already half way through. The confidence in ourselves is what brings about a confidence in the stakeholders. A worthy man once said :

“If you take a bold decision, it’s more-less likely that you win.

If you don’t take any decision, you’ll definitely not win.”

 

P.S What doesn’t kill you, makes you….Stranger 😛

Thank you.

 

33

Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole

While moving through the narrow lanes in the small village of Korba in Uttar Pradesh, the sight of youth sitting idle at home, who at this time should have been either studying or doing  a job, was worrisome. Under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(MGNREGA), people who didn’t get job for the whole 100 days got “free allowances”, which made their slothful and indolent, reluctant to find job, study or increase their skill. Clearly,this scheme wasn’t actually lending a hand, but was actually proving to be a dole.

Let’s try to comprehend the meaning of this statement. “Lending hands” in literal sense is supporting someone. This support may be in the form of consoling wordsimplementation of schemes on ground level, instilling faith by providing basics (education and health),empowerment,humanitarian support and technical assistance. The second part of the statement says “better than giving a dole”. Dole here means “grant“, an “allowance” or a “benefit” being transferred basically understood in economic terms. The following write-up will find an interconnection between the two statements, and look for different aspects including economy.

First,let’s try to look into history about how this statement holds water. Despite the plight that the Women and Dalits had to face in the Indian society, Gandhi made sure they participated in Non Cooperation Movements. This idea evolved not only by announcing the fight against the colonists, but by making sure women and dalits were accepted by the majority. The impetus to national feeling wasn’t evolved as a dole(for free), but it took Gandhi’s helping hand to invoke that feeling in them.He himself did the works of the harijans and fought for the rights of women.

After independence, reservation was provided for a period of 10 years on the premise that the dalits had suffered years of  injustice, grief and dejection. But little focus was given on empowering them. Result? Reservation still continues, not for the betterment, but for vote-bank politics.

In the present national context, while the 14th Finance Commission recommended for the devolution of power and revenue to the state government, the other necessary budgetary allotments like for health and education along with maintenance of biodiversity was cut to eliminate duplication of efforts and hence putting oil in the fire already burning. But what the GOI forgot was that most of these benefits needed an expertise. Teacher training, capacity building and opening  new government colleges for future doctors, necessary recruitment for the trained teachers was their work, they have been failing in these.The solution lies in the problem itself.

Apparently, India’s poverty index is calculated on a very narrow basis i.e the family income. While it may be one of the basic parameters, it doesn’t count the people who are “extremely poor”, those who can’t even think of earning because of their infallibility to move, due to social depreciation or due to low confidence. We call this strata the “pauperists”. What did the government do? They went for Public Distribution system. This effort of the government, though a welcome step, proliferated the infallibility of the poor to come out of misery, because now they were getting food without working for it. Can we think of eliminating pauperism merely by giving them food, or instead instilling confidence in them?

Apparently,the government is focusing on Direct Benefit Transfer(DBT). Although a good step, it may be utilized by households for non-food purposes and end result will be adding to malnutrition. Increased responsibility towards health, higher education and marriage of a girl and hence dowry eliminates the basic idea behind DBT, it is instead pushing people towards more miseries and more debt traps. The solution lies in changing the mindset of sahukars, and not merely giving money to the poor. Dalit Capitalism is on a rise and Dalit India Chamber of Commerce and Industry is focusing on Dalit entrepreneurship to socially uplift them and pave a way to end caste discrimination.

Thankfully, there has been a paradigm shift in the thinking of government and now it focuses more on making “job befactors” rather than “job appellants”.The coming up of SETU, Start up and Stand Up India has enabled this. Government is now focusing on research and technology driven start-up’s and hence working on giving an enabling environment for these and also techno-financial benefits and incubation centers are being started. But the solution isn’t only about giving these “benefits” but making sure the funds are actually allotted, there are no bottlenecks and there is a commissioner in place to look for the loopholes in the system.

Moving on, nowadays there has been a rising fudge about how women have been denied cultural rights and how they are not allowed to enter the temple to offer the praying to the deities. The constitution, although under Article 15 calls for the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender, and Articles 25-28 talk of right to freedom of religion and its practices, they are denied equal rights. Why this discrimination that too in a country where women is worshiped as Durga and Kali? The solution is not in giving provision in the articles under the constitution, or setting up of National and state commissions, but the solution is in changing the “mindset” of the people, so as to make sure patriarchy is uprooted.

How can this be done? Many recent surveys reveal that as the inclusion of women into the Panchayati Raj Institutions increased, there was a steep decline in the cases adjoining domestic violence, alcoholism, dowry and child marriages went down. So, empowering women is a solution. The same goes for the menace of child labor. Although various laws in place to eradicate child slavery, the real solution is in providing education to the children and maybe some pension schemes for the families who are forced to send their children to work for living.

Moving on,at the Banking level, Priority Sector Lending quota is a way to penetrate the financial support by the banks to the rural areas, but banks shift it towards NABARD and SIDBI to reduce risks.So basically, there is an enabled provision but their but no ground implementation. Similarly, Indira Awas Yojana aims at free housing for the poor, but their is corruption in allotment processes,lobbying issues.So lot of poor become mere pavement dwellers. They want to make smart cities but they don’t want poor to reside there.

For coping with the aftermaths of disasters, National Disaster Relief Force (NDRF) was made and various agencies took power. Funds allotment took place at various level. But no nodal agencies was made which could integrate the works of the various departments, which leads to duplication of efforts, leakages and delays in field work. Also, much of the amount is spent on post-crisis management, the bulk expenditure of which could have been used for better plan of basic reduction risk infrastructure. The solution lies in a better framework for technical assistance to prevent the disasters instead of focusing on mitigation.

For curbing corruption, a legal framework was made and acts like Prevention of Corruption Act (PCA) was enacted. But instead of just giving the PCA, enforcement procedure needs to be focused on. Even though there is a code of conduct of various government official levels, but there has been no commission officer in place to punish the wrong-doers. So even though means is provided, the “helping hand”( in this case a commissioner from the house of legislature) isn’t provided.

Internationally, there is a focus more on “long term investments”, on “soft loans” rather than donations. Japan’s assistance to India with a soft loan worth a $100 Billion to build the Bullet, or be USA’s assistance to Vietnam and China’s building of Chabadar port in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir(POK), isn’t merely a “dole” but a “helping hand” by giving technical assistance and “special status” for trade too, though with a more focused motive of long term interest.

Similarly, during the earthquakes in Nepal, India was one of the first countries to provide the relief funds and the Indian Army was the first to give assistance for evacuation and rescue operations. Was monetary help the only way for showing out empathy for the misshaping? No. Apparently, the humanitarian support that was provided by Indian Army was much appreciated both by Nepal and around the world. Mere dole wouldn’t have increased this reputation of India.

Thus, we saw that the solution doesn’t merely lie in allotting funds for a particular work, but it has a social, humanitarian and political motive that needs to be connected too. The solution isn’t merely giving money, the solution is finding a long term measure. The government shouldn’t merely be focusing on how “laws” are made, but how they are “implemented”, not on how much “money” is given, but how they “earn” it themselves, not on how “reservation” should empower, but on how “instilling faith” would help us eliminate the menace due to reservation, not on how they get the “free money”, but on how they “give money” to others.

 

 

45

The real crisis in India – Moral or Economic?

moral-crisis1                                             OREconomic-crisis-definition                                 Which one is India facing?

The probationary trainees during the Bharat Darshan went to a small village -Rasuali in Bihar. The motive was to get an insight of the socio-economic condition of the people residing in this small village. They had an astonishing view in store for them. The toilets built under the Swacch Bharat Abhiyan(SBA) Program were actually being used as an alternative for store houses. On being asked the reason- the Sarpanch’s reply was even more surprising – “Most of the pits get filled up very quickly and the Dalits who are meant to clean them up are reluctant to do this. “Jab se padhne likhne lag gaye, hume hi dhokha dene lage” (Since they started getting education, they have been betraying us). The irony is, one of the provisions of SBA is the eradication of manual scavenging, and the Sarpanch wasn’t aware of this.

So, the question is, is the government to be blamed for this kind of behavior? In a way it may be correct. The recent times has witnessed a growing debate on whether “moral” or “economic”crisis has withheld India. There are two sides of the coin, one which says “Immoral mishaps have contributed an economic mishap” and vice-versa. Let’s closely look the first side.

As a matter of fact, the changed mindset comes from education, and believe it or not, seven decades since independence, though we have made a remarkable movement ahead, there is still a whole chunk of the population which is illiterate. Those who get educated know that this discrimination against the lower strata, which in most cases are socially deprived thanks to the age old concept of untouchability holding its root from the later vedic times, is still being followed. Shudras have got new names over the centuries, be it dalit, harijans or the scheduled castes and tribes now.But if only the status of these people changed the way their “nicknames” did. They have been a subject to inhumane, immoral, unethical sights over the years, deprived of status, education, health care. As a result more than half of their population have not contributed to the economy of ours. How can we expect someone with a defamed status to have the confidence to contribute?

One of the most peculiar and immoral mishaps the country witnesses is the women being deprived of the equal rights in the country, both on personal and professional level. Honor killing has most cases of women being killed, the skewed child sex ratio(ever decreasing rates of girl child since independence), the innumerable instances of female infanticide are the reason why the GDP of the country has not been according to it’s potential. As pointed out by the recent report by Mckinsey, India could have an astonishing 60% growth in the GDP if the female participation in the labor force increased manifold. Not only this but most women are considered to be laborers at home, looking after their family. The sad thing, they are never paid for this work. So this patriarchy is not only disrupting the potential women force on the national level, but also depriving them of their personal finance. Apparently, cases of female in the economy are forced to leave job because of either low pay scale, sexual abuse or family obligations. Isn’t this a loss to the economy in a way?

Most of the women (approx 71% of girls) are forced to leave or drop after 8th standard. What are the other complications that follow? An uneducated girl becomes an unaware mother later, not knowing that government has provided for the pre and post natal services, not knowing that breast-feeding is most imperative for the child’s overall development. Result? A malnourished child devoid of immunization, direct pressure on government’s spending to provide nourishment and immunization. More spending on government schemes has been the major reason for an current account deficit country. Also, how can we except a unhealthy child (who as empirical evidence show, would have a bad physical and mental strength) to contribute to the nation’s workforce?

Recently there was a case where certain subordinates of the bureaucrats were served tea in plastic cups while the officers were served tea in expensive utensils, along with dry fruits. Not only was it unethical and immoral, it was discriminatory and against the principle of equality for all. This kind of a behavior fuels the notion of arrogant seniors, and their juniors would be reluctant to do work for them. The ground implementation of most of work is in the hands of these juniors (sahukars,tehsildars). What if they channelize their anger to the public, by not allowing implementations to fall in place? The government’s money getting wasted. So what could have been avoided morally, took along a different turn of events affecting the economy instead.

We throw garbage, litter around,pee in public, spit chewing gums on the road, don’t use public dustbins, throw plastic bags and empty bottles on highways,dispose  waste in the Ganga and say the government’s schemes (Namami Gange, SBA) aren’t working. Another instance of how we ourselves waste our own money (the tax’s payers money.) It sometimes feels like only the government has to keep spending, and we won’t change (Tax dete hai bhai!)

Corruption, which starts from a bribe to the traffic policemen to cross the red light, goes above till the corporate level. Tax evasions are very prominent in India, and we are just behind China in the league of developing countries to be corrupt. Tax evasions, fund the terrorist activities,move out side the countries through Benami transactions and enter the share market as P-notes as claimed by certain media houses. Speculations in the share market may lead to a potential disrupted market, having a major impact on the economy.

There have been cases of lobbying and nepotism in the inclusion and admission in government jobs and government colleges. The collegium system in Judiciary is the best example for the same. This deprives genius minds jobs of their potential and compels them to move to different countries in search of jobs and opportunities, resulting in loss of potential economic boost that they could have provided.

The recent sessions in the Parliament were mostly disrupted as the opposition claimed of the government using unethical means to defame it’s leaders. But who were the ultimate sufferers? It was our economy, the market which has been awaiting reforms in the form of better tax regimes like GST which is still on stay. This not only diminishes our chances of capitalizing from the China slowdown, but also portrays India as an irresponsible nation.

RIGHT WRONG

Looking on the other side of the coin, is “economic crisis” forcing towards immoral activities? It can be true as well. Lack of employment opportunities, government overshadowing  “bimaaru states” have pushed people there to take up arms against the states (Naxali Movements in Jharkhand, Chattisgarh). More and more youth are getting radicalized and leaving towards joining ISIS.

Similarly, too regressive a tax regime (specially for the MicroSmallMediumEnterprises’s) has compelled them to use unethical means to attain environmental, inspection clearances and cross cutting in labor facilities, which is immoral for the workers as well as the environment.

In agriculture the developed countries imposing high import duties on the foodcrops,horticulture from the developing countries have forced the farmers to use unethical means to use cheap urea to increase production. Isn’t this all in a way loss to economy, maybe having tertiary effect?

For every problem, there is some solution. Government has been focusing on building more entrepreneurs so that they emerge as “job providers” rather than “job seekers” through schemes like Start up stand up. The focus of the government is to change the mindset of the people who consider women as liabilities by providing them with reserved seats in the third tier, and the recent Women’s reservation bill. Similarly, refinancing agencies (Mudra) and collateral free loans (Mahila bank) have contributed in making the women self dependent and contributing their bit to the economy by opening small enterprises and start-ups. Initiatives like Beti-Bachao-Beti-Padhao have been successful in providing cent percent primary school enrollments along with “selfie with daughter” to create awareness about girl child.

Similarily, governments push towards “e-governance” by providing internet till the last mile(Digital India), connecting panchayats and hinterland with the main land (National optic Fibre Network), Direct Benefit Transfer, public domains to look for the working schemes, Jan-Dhan-Aadhar-Mobile (JAM) have made sure the public sovereignty, transparency and accountability is maintained. Also, educational loans, and scholarships like Ramanujam have also made sure the young minds remain and contribute to the country.

So basically, there is a strong blend of interconnection between what is moral and economic, and how it has been stirring a crisis in the country. They both have in a way been collectively contributing, going hand in hand. What Gandhiji thought a dream country would be, was unfortunately shattered by the intervention of the colonial rule, breaking the country two-fold. But how can we contribute our bit so that the country becomes the one which it used to be in pre-colonial period. Can we give up discrimination on the basis of caste and creed, can we consider the girls as being the same as boys? Can we contribute our bit to our country by being here and not moving out? Can we live happily, with tolerance for each other’s religious notions, work hard till we are on our feet and not merely criticize the government? Can we be the long lost “sone ki chidya” again?

 

0

India Will Help Shape a New World Order in 21st Century

 

“Hello sir, I want to question you that the mere rumor of the US cutting down the federal stimulus, saw the rupee crash in value, when will we see an Indian policy affecting the other countries so intensively”.

This was a question asked by a small 9 year old kid to our RBI governor while in one of the interactive sessions. Clearly the way India is emerging as a new economic order, and its clear-cut economic and foreign policies plus the geopolitical influence, there is not much time when India will indeed emerge as a superpower and help shape a new world order in the 21st century.

Recent Prime minister’s statement at UN assembly “Vasudeva kutumbam” and also his stress on the Indian ideology practiced from past that Earth is treated as mother provides a strong emphasis to world nations about the importance India as a developing nation in providing in a path to shape a new world order. India with its policy of Non-alignment(NAM) has shown the world that it does not support a single nation or block but respects the whole world as a single nation which reflects the strong brother hood and policy of peace.

It was the summer of 1998 when India carried out her “Operation Shakti”. Operation Shakti was concerned with the nuclear weapons’ tests which were carried out successfully. The then PM declared India to be a nuclear state. The incident left a shattered globe, a surprise even for the US. Albeit USA imposed sanctions on India, no one except for JAPAN came forward to support it, the rest of the world traded the same as they did before with India. After months, US realized that the rising stature of India couldn’t be ignored. The decades of isolation came to an end as the world entered the 21st century, George Bush came to India to start economic bilateral cooperation and relations. It was that time when the MNC’s back in the opposite side of the world were flourishing, looking for outsourcing job distribution, and who could be better player than INDIA. It was the time when an individual, if scored 90% in the CBSE boards went on to job the IT-firm.

India is the world’s largest democracy and home to around 1/5th of the global population. Such a huge population gives India the required weight and authority to influence the politics and economics of the world. India stands as the 7th largest democracy in terms of nominal GDP, and 3rd in terms of Purchasing Power Parity(PPP). Not to forget how India has been a growing economy, registering the highest growth after the subprime crisis which left the world vulnerable. The Indian economy has the potential to become the world’s 3rd-largest economy by the next decade, and one of the largest economies by mid-century.

The rising weight of India has been recognized by many countries of the globe. The African continent, Central Asia and Southeast Asia look towards India with optimism in order to save themselves from the interplay of global power-United States, China and Russia. India has responded back in a positive sense and has come forward to play the role of leader in order to guard these nations. With the support of these countries to India, she has the power to influence any decision taken on the world stage or the multilateral institutions like United Nations which are otherwise a play in the hand of western powers.

Fueled by all these advantages that allow India to shape the world order, she has already made some ventures in order to attest the same. India, being the leader of developing world came in the forefront to exert the principle of “Common but differentiated responsibilities(CBDR)” on developing world. This ensured that developing countries can also make economic progress and become competent enough to influence the world order. Similarly, India has sought to democratize institutions like International Monetary Fund (IMF)and to bring/stall reforms at WTO for the good of developing countries. India has actively been pursuing her relations with different countries across the globe through way of agreements and treaties in order to enforce the notion of multi-polar world. Similarly, India has made new ventures by becoming or trying to become a member of various institutions or policies. For instance, India is an active member of BRICS and is pursuing the BCIM corridor through the silk route initiative of China. All this has ensured that India doesn’t remain isolated from the emerging institutions and is able to play an active role in them.

But there are still certain blockages for INDIA in all the fronts.

India sits in between China, South East Asia and middle East. If a large scale war may break between China and South east Asia, there are very much chances that India gets involved.While we suppose that India has to take on China for say a war, and we take a closer look at India’s military and combat power, there would seem a large gap in between. India’s military troop strength, though the 4th largest in the world, is almost half to that of China. India has much less weapons as compared to China, let alone more than them. So a question to counter them directly with direct military operations is out of question. The only ray of hope is USA which can support India if such things happens. Furthermore, India’s military lacks a strategic culture according to certain reports. Also India buys most of its weapons from the other nations, which gives it both economic and technological disadvantage.

India has had an animosity with its neighbor Pakistan since independence. The Kashmir issue is still prevalent and POK is always vulnerable. Moroever, both the countries have accused each other about the withdrawal of the peace-talks in relation with border disputes and POK. Furthermore, India’s relation with Nepal has seen a major blow owing to the non-official blockage by India. Its relations with Bangladesh has seen a step ahead with the enclaves exchanged, but Teesta river dispute still remains unresolved. Myanmaar NSCN-K matters and India’s way to combat it, saw a chest thumping by Indian political leaders which hurt a sovereign nation’s sentiments. Clearly India’s geopolitical situation within the subcontinent isn’t that good. But India’s “ACT-EAST” Policy and Gujral Doctrine roots its anticipation to portray it as a good neighbor.

While India has many unresolved border disputes with China, and the military leaders and strategic thinkers watching closely about the soaring military budget of China, Chinese growing friendship with Pakistan, India’s relation with china are hence always seen with suspicion.China’s “STRING OF PEARLS” is an indicative of the growing geopolitical influence in the subcontinent, which makes the suspicion by our think tanks justified.

Furthermore,on the economic front, stringent environmental and labor laws, IPR issues and complex tax regimes portrays it as a strict country in terms of Ease of doing business. This can be seen as major blow as India’s continuous efforts to penetrate in the global market.

But everything is not so bad for India as it may seem. Diplomatically,India’s military is more experienced and better trained military than China. It has stronger naval powers allies like South Korea, Japan and USA. Also India conducts more joint naval exercises with US than any other nation in the world. We have an able nuclear arsenal which is capable of targeting any region of China. Though India imports majorly from China, but the domestic traders are always concerned about the non tariff barriers that Chinese put on India’s goods which add much less value to India’s foreign exchange. China had also opposed India’s count for permanent seat in UNSC. While the reasons given are something different, the fact that they don’t want an Asian power to emerge is quiet evident.

So clearly, China has always been a major hurdle for India in letting it emerge as a superpower, and shape a new order system in the 21st century, which is used by USA to hence counterfeit China by helping India in economic and political matters. For example the nuclear deal signed between USA and India in 2005 inspite of being a signatory of Non-Proliferation Treaty(NPT) and CTBT, shows how India stems important in the world, specially for USA.

India’s able diaspora and students who are employed in well off industries in the developed economies holds its own importance. Indian students studying in universities of USA, UK, GERMANY brings in the much needed foreign exchange for them which of prime importance to their economy. India’s skilled manpower also help in growth of their technology and industries, which shows how India’s demographic dividend too holds importance to the world order and has the capability to turn things around if things turn out to be sour with India.

India’s policy makers and political leaders stress upon how they focus more on multilaterlism, the bilateral ties show a different story. India’s ambitious and straight-forward stand towards CBDR and to not cutting carbon emissions for the sake of their manufacturing sector thus curbing poverty is to be well-appreciated of. Further,India’s largest peacekeeper to UN also shows how influential and responsible part it can be if given a permanent seat in the UNSC.

The changing world order has made its presence felt nad  India is one of the dominant one among them owing to it’s economic, demographic, diplomatic and cultural advantages. India has good relations with almost all of the nations which is a very rare phenomenon. With its clean historical record of peace and tolerance, its respect for sovereignty of other nations, it’s just demands for reforms in global bodies, its history of standing for the poor of all the nations, it’s humanitarian endeavors in the global agreements, India is helping shape a world order based on consensus, multi-stakeholder approach and ethical & moral foundations. It’s a long journey ahead but even long journeys are started with smallest of steps.